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    Tips & Tactics

Geoff is a contributing writer for Predator Xtreme Magazine as well as the leading coyote hunting expert for The Revolution with Jim & Trav.  This is the largest outdoor radio show in the country and can be heard on more than 450 stations.  It is also the official radio show of the Outdoor Channel.  To listen to all of Geoff's Predator Pulse segments, click here!

To read Geoff's recent articles in Predator Xtreme, click here!

Article as seen in the 2010 Early Fall Issue of Hunting Illustrated

Stacking the Odds:

Deal yourself a winning hand every time you step into coyote country!


Anyone that has ever stared out across promising coyote country with hopes that an unsuspecting song dog will respond to their call knows the odds are stacked against them.  Over the past decade, I’ve experienced countless numbers of times when the coyote’s keen eyes and relentless nose gave them the upper hand or dry stand after dry stand left me close to giving up.  With each failure, I was left with a sense of defeat and a motivation to swing the odds into my favor.  Whether through reading, watching, hearing, or developing skills on my own, I’ve assembled a stacked deck in the game of coyote calling that has given me odds any Vegas casino would tremble over.   Throughout this article, I’ll single out the 2 most important factors for swinging the odds into your favor: location and technology. 



Back in February, I had the privilege of spending 2 different days on stand with an 80-year-old coyote-killing veteran.  Wayne has been after coyotes since WWII and as you can imagine, he’s forgotten more about coyote hunting than many of us will ever know!  Before our first trip out Wayne explained he had permission on several ranches he hadn’t touched in several years.  I agreed the properties were where we should go and with anticipation for the hunt high, we headed into the historic sand hills of Nebraska. 


Over 2 days Wayne and I called 25 stands which resulted in 21 coyotes called in!!  The moral of the story: location, location, location.  When trying to swing the odds into your favor, you must play percentages.  Obviously the greater number of coyotes throughout a particular area, the greater the chances of one of those coyotes hearing your call.  Thus, your odds of successfully calling in coyotes will drastically rise! 


You might be asking how to find places like this?  In the beginning of the search for coyote-rich areas, it’s hard to determine whether or not the area is truly a caller’s paradise.  Sometimes areas that look like they should produce don’t, and other areas you would think are over-pressured turn out to be diamonds in the rough.    In the case of my hunt with Wayne, he spent many years getting to know these ranchers, learning the area, and ensuring his sole run of land with very little interference from other hunters.  Because he spent the time, year after year, lining up places such as the ones we called, he essentially has fresh ranches to call all the time. 


Playing the odds when it comes to location, means you must have a multitude of different places to call coyotes.  From a statistical standpoint, the more land you have access to, the more coyotes you will have access to.   If you are constantly calling the same coyotes and same piece of land, the odds of continually calling in coyotes will drop with each hunt.  Sustaining favorable odds in an area is an unrealistic expectation when coyotes are killed-off, educated, or pressured.   For example, to continually stack the odds in your favor each time you head to the field you must have areas that haven’t heard a screaming rabbit in quite some time.    Although there are a handful of ways to gain access to calling areas, the 2 I prefer are using maps and pounding the pavement (and dirt roads in many cases).


Maps are user friendly and can be a very precise tool for you to find prospective calling areas.  Whether you are looking over a BLM map for access to new areas, or scouring a plat ownership map looking for potential ranchers to call, maps offer an easy beginning to the search.  When focusing on public land, I like to focus on areas the common hunter would not think of.  This may include areas farthest from civilization or that are land-locked or partially surrounded by private ground.  Either way, thinking outside the box acts like a wild-card. 


When focusing on private land, I like medium-sized ranches in the ballpark of 4000 acres.  Over the years, I’ve found ranches and farms of this size or smaller are usually passed over by the average caller who thinks they need 10,000+ acre ranches to be successful.  Although big ranches can be prime places, competition for permission can sometimes be extreme or multiple hunters may be allowed onto the property at the same time.  In the case of the smaller ranch, the owner is usually content with allowing 1 or 2 hunters which makes it easier to monitor how much pressure the area gets.  


Another effective tactic for finding potential calling areas involves pounding the pavement.  Many times I’ll do this in conjunction with maps.  Other times I’ll set out to cover a much more broad area very similar to a treasure hunt.  Whether I’m looking for access roads into public land or stopping in and visiting with every ranch house I come across, the goal is to gain access to as many potential calling areas as possible.  Although this way is not always economical, seeing the lay of the land with your own eyes and visiting face-to-face with ranchers beats dealing with out-dated plat ownership maps and reading topographical BLM maps!


Keep in mind  once you’ve found potential places to call, you must determine whether or not these places are good enough to boost your odds.   This is done through trial-and-error and a fair amount of time spent calling in the area.  If the area turns out to have decent coyote numbers and/or sign, chalk it up as a favorable calling site and be patient.  Let it sit for at least a month before you hunt it again.   Patience puts the odds in your favor when you allow your areas time to settle down and new coyotes to replace the ones you’ve taken.  The more places you have lined up to call the longer each has to recuperate between hunts. 



With advancement in technology over the past 50 years, predator callers have seen everything from basic hand calls to rabbit scent in a deodorant-like applicator.  Although many of these advancements are designed to take advantage of the hunter’s natural instinct to ultimately improve their success, only a handful ever do.  Over the years even I have fallen victim to gimmicks.  However, I’ve used several advancements that have truly improved my odds when it comes to fooling the coyote’s nose and eyes.  Of these advancements, electronic calls with remotes have the top spot on my list. 


When coyotes respond to your call, they are relying on their nose first and their eyes second.  They have an amazing ability to pinpoint the exact location of a sound from great distances and this is where the problem sometimes lies with using a call from your shooting position.  As the coyote approaches and locks onto the sound, normal tendencies lead them to the downwind side of the sound.  The coyote may circle 5 yards downwind or 300, but odds are at some point it will happen.  If the sound of the call is coming from your position, not only does the coyote have its eyes on you, it is also trying to find the scent trail coming from the sound.  In cases such as this, odds of killing that coyote begin to drop because the hunter has to minimize their movements and somehow stop the coyote for the shot before it ends up downwind.  In other cases, the hunter may have visibility issues due to terrain and vegetation in the calling area and coyotes will slip in and out without a shot ever being fired.  In both cases, being able to funnel coyotes to areas where visibility is good and the wind is right means improving your chances of taking those coyotes.  This is where the e-caller with remote comes into play.


Simply put, using an e-caller and remote allows the hunter to sit on the sidelines from their shooting position and watch unsuspecting coyotes hunt down the sound coming from a scentless caller.   Not only can the hunter get away with more movement because of the coyote’s focus is on the sound, they can take their scent trail out of the picture as well.  Essentially, this beats the coyote’s nose and eyes all by placing the e-caller in a strategic position.  Here are few set-up guidelines I like to follow.


Always place the call in a position that is upwind from your shooting position.  Knowing coyotes will eventually make it to the downwind side of the caller, it’s critical that the imaginary scent trail of the e-caller is out in front of your actual scent trail, especially when calling with a crosswind.  This is important because once the coyote reaches this imaginary scent trail coming from the sound, it will likely start working towards the sound which keeps it from ever reaching your true scent trail. 


Next, determine how far out to place the caller from your shooting position.  If a shotgun is the weapon of choice, never put the e-caller more than 40 yards away.  If the coyote decides to make a beeline for the sound instead of circling downwind, a shot is still possible at that distance.   If a rifle is the primary weapon, there are several more factors to look at due to the increase in your effective killing range.    If calling with a wind that is somewhat to your back and sending any sort of scent into the calling area, place the e-caller as far away from your position as possible.  Once again, put the call off to either side and slightly out in front of your shooting position.  This may be 50 yards or 150 yards, but either way, your goal should be to keep approaching coyotes from crossing your scent trail on their way to the imaginary one coming from the e-caller. 


Another factor dealing with distance is visibility of the calling area.  In order to funnel coyotes out into the open for a shot in these types of areas, put the e-caller on the upwind side of nearest opening or shooting lane that you can find.  Then position yourself off to the side and downwind of the opening for the shot.  Once again, you’ll be utilizing the fact that eventually the coyote will make it to the downwind side of the e-caller and into the shooting lane created.   


In many cases, creativity and ingenuity will come into play when utilizing these setups so don’t be afraid to bust out of the traditional mold of always calling with the wind in your face.  Keep in mind an e-caller with remote is designed to give the hunter the advantage of getting the sound away from their position and keeping the coyote’s focus off of their movements and scent.  Simply placing the e-caller 6 feet in front of you and running it off of the remote doesn’t accomplish this.


Throughout this article I’ve discussed location and technology and how they are the 2 most important factors when stacking the odds in your favor.  Always having fresh areas and coyotes to call will increase your odds of putting song dogs out in front of your barrel every time out.   Employing the use of an e-caller and remote allows you to funnel coyotes where you want them to go which gives you the upper hand over the coyote’s superior senses of sight and smell.  Utilize some of these tips and techniques the next time you venture into coyote country and I’ll bet on the fact that you’ll come home with a few less bullets and a lot more stories!

Article as seen in the summer 2009 issue of Hunting Illustrated

Positioning:  The Key to Becoming a Better Coyote Caller

                                                      By Geoff Nemnich

Over the past decade I have had the privilege of calling in some of most diverse and coyote-rich areas the Midwest has to offer.   Hunting the rolling sand hills of Central Nebraska, juniper-covered foothills of South Central Wyoming, vast yucca-laden prairies of Eastern Colorado, and CRP and wheat ground of Western Nebraska, have given me great insight into finding the right sets and positioning myself correctly. 

Through the years I have developed a method for successfully calling coyotes and refer to the “4 P’s” as the most important aspects of the equation.  The 4 P’s include: Place, Positioning, Patience, and Practice.  In this article, I will focus on Positioning.   Obviously, Place is the most important of the four.  If there are very few or no coyotes on a particular piece of ground, the best callers in the world will struggle.  Just as in business, location or Place will make or break you.  Even though it’s a close second in importance, Positioning is a factor that if done right, makes average callers into great callers.  When discussing Positioning, there are three objectives.  First, you have to find the proper position(s) or set(s) on a place or property.  Second, you must get into those sets without being detected. Third, you should properly position yourself and others once on the set.  

Finding the Right Set

Experience, mostly gained from trial-and-error, has taught me to coordinate my sets with the time of day and the terrain.  Coyotes do a majority of their hunting in the early morning and late evening hours, therefore I always try and set up on areas rich in prey during these times.  One particular term I like to use when referring to these prey-rich areas is a transition area.  A transition area is any place where two different types of terrain meet.  This may be a corn field that runs into a river bottom, a sage flat that dumps off into a rocky canyon, an abandoned farm yard on the edge of a stubble field, a yucca pasture that runs into some rocky outcroppings, a shallow reed-filled pond surrounded by sand hills, or a hayed meadow leading into the foothills.  All transition areas have one thing in common: an abundance of prey. 

Once I’ve indentified a transition area, a plan is generated as to when and where I will make a set, keeping the sun and wind in mind.  Usually, I will call transition areas for 3 hours in the morning and 3 hours in the afternoon.  Many times I’ll spend longer on these sets because coyotes will generally be on the move during these times.

During the middle part of the day, usually from 10 until 2, I will focus on calling the bedding areas.  Just like many animals coyotes will usually spend the middle part of the day resting.  These places will typically be a secluded area out of the wind and in the sun or shade depending on the temperature.   When trying to locate bedding areas, I’ll look for the most rugged terrain or areas with the thickest cover.  Rocky buck brush covered canyons, pockets of thick vegetation, or zigzagging washouts through the middle of the prairie are all great bedding areas.  Coyotes are opportunists and when awakened by the sounds of a screaming jackrabbit, chances are they will be coming to check it out. If you have ever called in a coyote during the middle of the day and it was on top of you within the first minute, chances are you called it out of its bed.  When calling these bedding areas, I like to set up 200-300 yards from the cover and call the coyotes out into the open where I can get a good shot.  If the coyote hangs up on the edge of the cover, I will still have a manageable shot with any good, flat-shooting rifle.  For me, these sets during the middle part of the day are usually shorter because I’m calling one particular area and not betting on coyotes coming in from long distances. 

Now keep in mind transition areas and bedding areas can vary across the country and this is just a basic guide for you to follow.  Another thing to keep in mind is that many transition areas have very thick cover and/or rough terrain and can also be bedding areas. 

Moving into the Set

Once I have determined where I am going to make my set, it’s time to start thinking about getting into the set undetected by any coyotes that are in the surrounding area.  More times than I can remember I have spooked coyotes out of a set that would have been easy pickings if I would have taken my time and looked over the set briefly before cresting the hill and sky-lining myself. 

Once a hiding place is found for the vehicle, I quickly access a route to my set that involves the least amount of sky-lining and that has minimal amounts of walking out in the open.  Gaining elevation over an area is a great advantage, but the down side is that you usually have to sky-line yourself at some point to get there.  If at all possible, I’ll always try and take the side-hill route because it involves the least amount of sky-lining.  Picture a coyote sitting out 400-500 yards from your set.  Slow, controlled movements with the hill as a back drop will not be nearly as detectable as movements on the sky line.  There have been times where I’ve added a 1/4 mile into a set just because it was necessary to take the side-hill route. 

Taking the side-hill route isn’t always possible and sometimes you have no choice but to go over the top of the hill.  When this is the case, I always stop just as my eyes crest the hill and take a few seconds to either glass with my binoculars or just scan the calling area in search of any unsuspecting coyotes. If I don’t spot anything, I’ll walk up over the crest of the hill and down the other side fairly quickly until I’m no longer silhouetted.   If I do happen to spot a coyote, I will reassess my route and try to sneak into a position to call it in.  This process of stopping and looking over the calling area is also something I do when using the side-hill route.

If I’m calling in an area that has very little changes in elevation, I’ll use any cover that will conceal my movements into the set.  Tree lines, washouts, ditches, fence lines,and even livestock provide great cover for concealing movement. 

In both cases, taking extra time and getting into the set undetected will lead to success. Unaware coyotes, as well as the ones that are spotted first, are some of the easiest coyotes to bring to the call.  By spotting an unaware coyote off in the distance, you can also change up your calling in conjunction with how the coyote is reacting to it.

Once on the Set

Once I’ve made it to the set, the first thing I will do is position myself and any other shooters I have with me.  If I’m by myself, I will find a position that offers the best unobstructed view of as much of the calling area as possible.  It’s not always going to be possible to view the entire area, and if that’s the case, I always elect to view the downwind half of the set.  This is also when I will choose to use the remote with my FoxPro and place the call upwind of my position 20 or 30 yards. If other shooters are present I’ll use them to cover all the areas on the set that I can’t.  My goal is to have at least 180 degrees of coverage.  Depending on the terrain and wind speed, I’m not afraid to put shooters 100 to 200 yards downwind of my position.  If a coyote splits us, we each will have a 50 yard shot.  If a coyote tries to circle downwind of me 200 yards, the other shooter will have a 100 yard shot.  When doing this, it does make it difficult to communicate with each other.  Over the years I’ve tried different things such as 2-way radios with ear pieces and hand signals, but I have found that using mouth calls seems to be the most simple and effective. 

By spreading shooters out across a set, it’s hard to tell whether or not someone else sees anything.  The last thing I want to do is to stand up to leave a set only to find out my partner had a coyote coming in on his side that I couldn’t see.  For this, I use a simple system of 3 barks on my howler.  When others hear the 3 barks, they will stand up and head back to the truck if they don’t see anything.  Obviously I don’t get up until I see them get up.  If no one gets up after the barks, then I will start scanning for the approaching coyote.   When it comes to alerting the others of a coyote coming to the call, I simply turn off the electronic caller and give a few wails on a distress call.  I’m also listening for anyone else giving the same signal to me.   Whether or not you use a system like this is a personal choice. However, having a plan of communication will keep everyone on the same page which will drastically improve your kill percentages.

Once everyone is in their position I will find a spot that is comfortable, in the shade if possible, and far enough down the hill that incoming coyotes won’t have a chance of silhouetting me.  Over the years, I’ve been busted by more coyotes silhouetting me than by any other factor other than wind.  By simply moving down the slope 10 or 15 feet more than I originally planned, I alleviate the possibility of being sky-lined, but can still see the same amount of area.   If I’m not on a side-hill, I will find something to sit in front of or behind to breakup my outline.  Fence lines, hay bales, rocks, yuccas, tree trunks, and old machinery are good examples of this. 

Once I’m situated, I will orientate my rifle to the most likely place within my coverage area that the coyote will show up.  More times than not, this will be on the downwind side and to an area where the coyote has the best chance of sneaking up on me.  If I spot a coyote coming in and he’s 300+ yards out, I will have plenty of chances to move my rifle and get ready for the shot.  If suddenly there’s a coyote standing in front of me 75 yards out chances are that I will not be able to move my rifle for a shot without spooking it.  Therefore, if my rifle was already orientated to that place, all I will have to do is put my eye in the scope and squeeze the trigger.  Once I have taken these factors into consideration, it’s time to let loose with the call of choice.

Hopefully throughout this article you’ve been able to pick up a few pointers on positioning for your next trip out into the field.  Finding the right set, getting into the set, and properly positioning yourself and others once on the set are all very important parts of the calling equation.  Can you successfully go out and call in an occasional coyote without following these steps?  Probably so, but if you are really looking to improve your success this next season and transform yourself from an average caller into a great caller, mold these steps and techniques to fit your own style of calling, and you’ll be on your way to calling greatness!




                                Article Seen in the Fall Issue of Hunting Illustrated 2009

Place, Patience & Practice: the Core of any Great Predator Caller

                                                   By: Geoff Nemnich

In the previous issue, I briefly reviewed the 4 P’s of successful coyote calling and focused on the second P which is Positioning.  In this article, I will discuss the remaining 3 P’s which include Place, Patience, and Practice.  For many obvious reasons, Place is the most important, but Patience and Practice should not be taken lightly and play a very important role in the calling equation.  When addressing Place, I will touch on several factors I consider when searching for the right piece of land.  With Patience, I will not only discuss time spent on the set, but consideration of yourself when developing your abilities and calling style.   Finally, Practice will be reviewed with tips and techniques that I use to ready myself each season and before each set.


The most important aspect of calling coyotes is calling where the coyotes are.  This sounds obvious, but is usually the reason why people have difficulty.  In my opinion, some of the best coyote hunters in the country are not necessarily the best callers, they are simply the best at finding where the coyotes are.  The greater amount of coyotes in an area, the higher percentage you will have of being successful on that set. When trying to find areas with high numbers of coyotes, I look for two things.  First, I look at the amount of hunting and calling pressure an area gets.  Second, I look at the amount of food, water, and cover an area has. 

Hunting and calling pressure play a very important role in finding places that sustain coyotes.  To show this, imagine two equal, identical pieces of land each with an equal number of coyotes.  Property A allows several individuals access on the land and over the course of the season they kill 20% of the coyotes and educate another 30%.  Meanwhile, the government trapper is poisoning and aerial shooting coyotes which accounts for killing another 50%.  All this time, Property B has not had any calling, poisoning, or aerial shooting on it.  This makes for an easy decision which place you’d rather hunt doesn’t it?  This being said, it is always my goal to find Property B.   

More times than not you will have very little information about a property before you approach a landowner about hunting.  Once permission is obtained, ask plenty of questions in regard to other callers that hunt the property, government trapping, etc.  If after asking these questions the place starts looking more like Property A,  move it to the bottom of your property list and continue searching for something less pressured. 

With public land, this information can be hard to obtain and will take more work and observation on your part.  Obviously public land that is closer to metropolitan areas and major highways may be some of the most highly pressured.  In contrast, places like these can yield a coyote from time to time simply because everyone else passes them for the same reason.  Also, be observant for the amount of vehicle and foot traffic into a particular area and determine whether or not the traffic is coyote calling related.  Out west, try and avoid areas with large amounts of sheep.  These areas are priority #1 on government trappers’ lists and more than likely they have the coyote population thinned down.   Instead,  look for areas that hold cattle.   Government trappers are not nearly as concerned with coyotes damaging cattle especially when they have coyotes damaging flocks of sheep.  In some areas, ranchers that do not have help from government trappers may have even been forced to raise cattle instead of sheep due to the high population of coyotes in the area.  Finding a ranch like this is equivalent to hitting the coyote calling lottery!  With a little research and some investigative questioning places like this may be easier to find than you think. 

In conjunction with finding lightly pressured areas, I will look for tracks of land that have plenty of food, water and cover.  These three things are natural attractants for any animal, and the more abundant these things are the larger the animal population they can support.  Coyotes are very territorial and over the years I have found that as the abundance of food, water, and cover increases in an area; the square acreage of a coyote’s territory will decrease.  Basically, the coyote will not need to travel as far to find its basic needs.  Therefore,  a section of land that has ample amounts of food, water, and cover may hold four coyotes where as a section that is wide open and barren may only hold one. 


Patience is a valuable attribute when calling coyotes.  You need patience while sitting on a set waiting for a coyote to respond, but you also need this when it comes to developing your skills and calling style. 

The appropriate length of time to sit on a set has been debated many times over the years.  Some callers like myself, opt for the 10-15 minute range, while others believe in a minimum of 25 minutes.  Whichever you prefer, patience is necessary in order to make your time limit.  Many callers become spoiled with an occasional hard-charging coyote that is in their lap within the first two minutes.  This is not a bad thing, but will test your patience on sets you make subsequently.  Usually around the 8-10 minute mark is when patience is put to the test and you must convince yourself that coyotes may be approaching your call.  Usually by the 15 minute mark, any interested coyote that was within hearing range will be visible.  This is when I will move onto the next set if I have no takers. Before I leave, I will always sit there for 3-4 minutes in silence, scanning the surrounding area with my binoculars.  Many times I have spotted an approaching coyote that was taking its time coming to the call, or one that traveled into hearing range of the call late into the set.  The last thing you want to do is spook an incoming coyote only because you are in a hurry to get back to the truck and on to the next set. 

If you elect to sit on a stand for longer than 15 minutes, patience becomes an even bigger factor because now you are hoping for a coyote on the move to come within hearing distance of the call 20 or 30 minutes into the set.  This is a great tactic to use during times of the day when you know coyotes are on the move.   Although this is not my usual practice, I heard of guys sitting on sets longer than an hour and taking coyotes right at the end.

Once you understand and develop patience on the set you then must take into account patience with yourself and your success.  Proficient coyote calling is a skill that takes years to develop and hone.  Many beginners lose touch of this and become discouraged when they are not having the success that they have envisioned.  The best coyote hunters in the country did not get to where they are overnight.  It takes years of trial-and-error, countless days in the field learning from your mistakes, and understanding why things worked when you do have success.  Keeping frustrations at bay early on in your calling career will pay off immensely down the road.  Combining patience with the final P of the equation is the key to becoming more efficient every time you head into field.


It is crucial to understand that every time you grab your call, and rifle, and head out to make some sets you are practicing.  Just like with anything, the more you practice, the better you will become.  Calling coyotes is not something that you can expect to master over the course of several seasons by simply going out a couple of times.  As your total number of career sets goes up, so does your proficiency and effectiveness.  Simply put, the more you make it out to call, the better of a caller you will become. 

Even after 14 years of calling, there is seldom a day in the field where I do not learn or pick up on something new.  This is why getting out and practicing is so important.  Trial-and-error is one of the best teachers you could  have and is a great supplier of tricks to put in your bag.  One thing I like to do after a blown set is to take a few minutes and really understand why that coyote did not cooperate.   Wind, sun, silhouetting, scope glare, excess movement, and volume of the call are all things that  run through my mind.  Many times I will walk down to the point where the coyote busted me, get down on a knee and look back over the set from the coyote’s perspective.  A lot can be learned from this simple technique and after doing this a handful of times you’ll start to put yourself in the coyote’s shoes before you even sit down to make the set.  

Another topic when discussing practice is becoming proficient with your equipment.  Knowing your weapon of choice and where and how it shoots is very important and usually the first thing most will practice with. I prefer to shoot off of shooting sticks so I practice that way.  If you prefer to lie in the prone while on set that is the way you should practice.  A good technique to become proficient with your sticks or bipod is to sight in on “mock” coyotes.  If the action is slow on a set, take a few seconds and pick out a rock or bush off to the left or right and practice picking up your rifle and sticks and making a slow, control swing to get on target.  Shooting sticks can take some getting used to and the more you practice with them, the more effective you will be at getting on target quicker. 

Another area which is very important is being familiar with your call or calls.  Obviously hand calls take lots of practice and tweaking, but learning the ins and outs of your e-caller is just as important.  The last thing that you want to happen is to spook off an incoming coyote because the call was too loud, and you could not find the volume control quick enough.  The more familiar and proficient you are with your equipment and caller the quicker your reactions will be in those heat of the moment situations.  Once again, this is something that takes many hours of hands-on usage of the caller to gain the familiarity that is needed to make those split second reactions.  I recently got my hands on the new FoxPro Fury and like many of today’s e-callers, it has tons of bells and whistles that can be very beneficial out on a set as long as you have taken the proper steps ahead of time to become familiar and proficient with it.  Being able to manipulate the volume control as well as several other of the main functions without having to look down at the call or remote is extremely beneficial.  When able to do so, is when I feel proficient enough to take it in the field.

Throughout this article, the remaining 3 P’s were reviewed.  Hopefully you picked up some tips and techniques that will increase your success ratios this season.  Remember that finding the right place to call coyotes is by far the biggest and most important part of the calling equation.  Once this is accomplished do not forget that patience and practice both in the field and back at home during the off season play another intricate part in making you a well-rounded and proficient coyote caller.  Not everything that I have mentioned in this article will work with your calling style but with a little patience and practice you might be surprised just how much of it will!